University of Edinburgh crest

Survey of Scottish Witchcraft Database

Survey of Scottish Witchcraft
Scottish History, School of History and Classics, The University of Edinburgh, Scotland

Woodcut of a witch trial

Supplementary information

Glossary

The glossary contains unusual or specialist words contained in the search forms and search result reports. If you do not understand a word you encounter (or the way the word is used) while using the Survey of Scottish Witchcraft web pages, please refer to this alphabetical glossary for help. If you are unable to find the word in our glossary, please refer to a Scots Dictionary.

12:00
indicates the mentioning of liminal boundary times such as the change from day into night or night into day. This data value means that the documents didn't specify whether they were referring to noon or midnight.
Aggravating Disease
the suspect was accused of aggravating an already existing illness or disease
Airt and Pairt (art and part)
denoting participation in a crime
Ale
alcohol, no specific symbolic use. Often used in the reconciliation of quarrels
All Saints' Day
1 November, follows All Hallows' Eve
Almond
non-native, exotic plant, association between almond tree and the Virgin
Amulet
protective charm (stone, pebble) worn or placed in a house
Andrewmas
30 November, mass celebrated on St Andrew's day
Angels
pre-Reformation invocation of angels for intercession, condemned by Protestant church
Animal Death
the suspect was accused of killing an animal(s)
Animal Devil
The Devil appeared in animal form
Animal dung
animal excreta were believed to have healing properties - possibly transferring life force, like blood
Animal Illness
the suspect was accused of causing an animal(s) to become ill
Animal
accused witch appeared in the form of an animal
Anti-baptism
renunciation of Christian baptism, apostasy
Apparition
accused witch appeared in the form of an apparition
Aqua Vitae
Water of Life, a distilled spirit (probably whisky)
Ash
the ash tree or its ashes could be used, ashes used in religious and healing rituals, sap of the tree had protective properties
Assize
jury
Attest
declared to be true or genuine
Axe
made of iron, used to protect against fairies
Ayre
another term for circuit court
Baby
the Devil appeared in the form of a baby
Bailie
a local justice officer, second in rank to a provost in burghs
Bank Head
top of a riverbank
Bank Side
side of a riverbank
Bannock
cakes often used in divination rituals or for good luck/protection
Baptising animals
carrying out the religious sacrament of baptism on an animal - seen as a perversion of religion
Barthill's Day
25 August, celebration of St Bartholomew
Baton
possibly a symbolic weapon, phallus, or staff of office
Bead
decorative item used as an amulet or votive offering
Beetle
in Ireland known as darbhdaol or coach horse of the devil
Bells
either a protective symbol used against fairies or something used by fairies themselves
Belt
and girdle, often associated with fertility or predicting outcome of illness
Beltane
1 May, celebration associated with the Celtic feast of Bel
Bewitching
the suspect was also charged with causing a bewitchment (i.e. inflicting magical harm
Bible
Christian scriptures
Bierricht (corpse bleeds)
corpse bleeds when touched by person who was guilty of the murder
Bird (dead)
no specific symbolic use, used to transfer dangerous magical substances or to cause harm
Blasphemy
degenerating of mocking aspects of the Christian religion
Blood (animal)
special qualities of the animal passed to human, as with dung
Body and soul
giving oneself over to the Devil, body and soul
Bond/Band
an agreement with the Devil
Bond
the person who pays the caution (or bail) is under bond of caution
Bone
last part of body to decay and contained last of the physical soul, also used in divination
Book
bible or other religious missal or herbal, the written word was seen to have magical properties for non-literate society, used in divination
Bored-Stone
a stone with a natural hole in it, used as protection against the power of fairies
Borrowing days
last three days of March, from the fable that March borrowed three days from April
Bound with ropes
tied by ropes for a period of time
Bow strings
pain caused by application of strings used in bows
Bowl
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Branch
part of non-specified tree, some trees were seen to have protective or magical powers
Bread
could be an offering to supernatural powers, had healing and/or protective properties
Bridle/collar
like belt, used in some sympathetic magical rituals (sympathetic magic is when an object is used to stand in for a specific person or thing)
Brint (Buit, Brute)
a rumour about a person, or reputation
Burn
small river
Burning feet
feet burnt with hot coals
Butter
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Caird
instrument used to card wool, used in sympathetic magical ritual
Camomile
medicinal herb, has calming effect on digestion, aids sleep and protects against nightmares
Candlemas
2 February, feast of the celebration of the presentation of Christ to the Temple
Caspicaws (Cashielaws)
formerly described as the boots, an instrument of torture that slowly crushed the shins. Recent work suggests that it was probably a large metal instrument that folded the body in two.
Cat
sacred animal, often associated with bringing bad luck
Caution
bail or security given legally
Cautioner
a person who agreed to pay caution (or bail) for a prisoner in return for ensuring they report for trial or undertake other obligations
Chamberlain
chief officer of the royal household or the factor of an estate
Chancellor
foreman of a jury
Changeling Egg
used to tempt the fairy changeling to reveal itself and return the human child
Changeling
a baby or young child thought to have been replaced by a fairy usually associated with sickly children
Charming
magical healing
Cheese
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Child Devil
the Devil appeared in the form of a child
Cited authority
a legal or other learned authority or book that was cited in the trial as either precedent or instruction
Clay
figures made of clay used in image magic to represent the intended victim
Clengis (clenged)
technically means cleansed of charges, in a trial it means found not guilty
Cloth
used to represent the sick person, blessed and returned to them to provide cure, or sometimes a cloth was wrapped around items to make a sachet for charms (good or bad)
Clothing
used to represent the sick person, blessed and returned to them to provide a cure
Coal
good luck amulet
Cockerel
sacred bird, announcer of the dawn, used in sacrificial rituals and divination
Coin
could be left as a votive offering or used as an amulet
Commissioner
a person appointed, often to hold a local trial
Committee of Estates
governing body appointed by parliament in the 1640s, superseding the Privy Council
Communal Sex
attenders of the witches' meeting engaged in communal sex
Compear
appear before a court or authority
Consulting
consulting a witch or magical healer
Consulting
the suspect was charged with consulting or using a witch; not necessarily with being a witch
Corn
no specific symbolic uses, but as living grain associated with fertility and growth
Corpse bleeding
see Bierricht
Corpse powder
used to provide/transfer magical properties of the dead
Corpse
used to provide/transfer magical properties of the dead
Craigs
rocky cliffs
Crook
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies
Cross
Holy Cross, Christian emblem of the crucifixion
Curch
kerchief or woman's hat, sometimes removed during a curse/harmful ritual
Cursing (as another charge)
the suspect was accused of cursing (i.e. strong language with implicit or explicit threats)
Cursing (as described in accusations)
uttering ambiguous or directly threatening language often accompanied with deliberate gestures
Dancing
attenders of the witches' meeting danced
Deacon
lay person elected to run the temporal affairs of the local Kirk, administrator
Delate (delation)
accuse or inform against, denouncement, same as Dilated
Demonic Possession
the witch was accused of causing someone (a victim) to be possessed by the Devil. This usually involves an accusation of causing a particular type of 'bewitchment' involving convulsions and visions
Demonic
the case contained demonic elements such as meetings with the Devil or demonic pacts
Demonologist
an academic or clergyman who specialised in understanding the Devil and other demonological topics
Den
a narrow valley
Deposition
statement made under oath
Devil Present
the Devil was described as attending witches' meeting
Devil Worship
attenders of the witches' meeting worshipped the Devil
Devil's Mark
mark received from the Devil as a sign of pact (often described as not sensible to feeling)
Diet
meeting of court
Dilate (Dilation)
accuse or inform against, denouncement, same as Delated
Dittay
list of formal charges made against the accused, indictments
Divination
trying to discover the future, or see hidden things in the present
Dog
no specific symbolic use
Dreams/Visions
accused appeared in a dream or visions
Drink
no specific symbolic uses but used to administer/transfer magical properties/powers
Ducking
otherwise known as the water test. The accused person was put in water to see if they floated. If they sank they were seen to be innocent and removed from the water. If they floated they were seen to be guilty. This test was rarely used in Scotland
Dye-House
house where cloth was dyed
Dyke
a ditch, wall or mound
Earth
refers to soil, believed to represent the power of nature, fertility and growth
Easter
Movable Christian celebration of the execution and resurrection of Christ
Egg
supernatural symbol, earth/life/soul, associated with fertility, Easter and fairies
Elder
elected lay member of a kirk session
Elfshot
prehistoric arrowhead thought to be used by fairies/witches to cause harm, could also be used as a protective amulet
Elphane/Fairyland
the other world of elphane or fairyland
Enchantment
using magic to affect people, things or animals
Eschatology
theology concerned with death and final destiny
Escheat
legal confiscation of goods
Fairies
the case mentioned fairies/elves and fairy/elf motifs
Fairy Blast
to be bewitched or harmed by a fairy wind/power
Fairy hill
associated with fairies, believed to be their dwelling place
Fairy mound
a hill associated with fairies, believed to be their dwelling place
Fairy
non-natural being appeared in the form of a fairy, gender not specified
Familiars
the accused had a familiar (a small animal or spirit that did her bidding)
Fasting's eve
Scottish term for Shrove Tuesday (the evening before the fast), the day before the fast of Lent
Feathers
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Female Fairy
non-natural being appeared in the form of a female fairy
Female Infertility
the suspect was accused of causing female infertility
Female
The Devil appeared in the form of a female
Fencing the court
formal opening of a court
Fire
basic element, seen to have purifying powers. Also possibly associated with hellfire. Many symbolic and ritual events used fire
Fireraising
arson
Flask of Water
possible reference to holy water, a container used to transport blessed or sacred water
Flesh
specifically animal meat, not human flesh, no specific symbolic use but used in sympathetic magic both to harm and for healing (sympathetic magic is when an object is used to stand in for a specific person or thing)
Folk Healing
the case (or accusations) against the suspect were about folk healing issues, such as failed healing attempts or the use of improper rituals and magic
Food and Drink (at witches' meeting)
food and drink were consumed at the witches' meetings
Food/Drink (with the fairies)
Food or Drink was consumed at Elphane or fairyland
Ford
a place where a river can be crossed
Fornication
having sexual relations before marriage
Foxtree Leaves
Foxglove, medicinal plant that affects the heart, also used an amulet against demonic powers
Frog
as for toad, associated with Devil, sin and impurity, used in transference of disease
Fyle (Fyllied)
found guilty
Garland
non-specific garland of plants/flowers, no specific symbolic use
Garlic
stinkweed, medicinal plant, antiseptic qualities, believed to drive away evil
General Assembly (GA)
the highest church court in the Presbyterian Church attended by representative delegate ministers and elders
Ghost
non-natural being appeared in the form of a ghost or dead person
Glass
as in a piece of glass or a non-specified glass object, no specific symbolic uses
Glove
no specific symbolic uses, used in transference rituals
Good Neighbours
euphemism for fairies
Grain
same meaning as corn, no specific symbolic use, but as living grain associated with fertility and growth
Grass
no specific symbolic use but associated with fertility and growth
Grave earth
used to provide/transfer magical properties of the dead
Green (the)
as in the village green, a flat area of grass
Green
colour of nature, associated with fairies
Group of fairies
group of fairies
Hair
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals, or sometimes in sympathetic magic to stand in for the victim
Hairbelt
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Haircloth
the accused was covered with a cloth made of animal hair, painful on the skin
Halloween
31 October, All Hallows' Eve, day before All Saints' Day, also associated with Celtic festivity of Samhain
Hand (dead)
used to provide/transfer magical properties of the dead
Handsel Monday
First Monday of the New Year when gifts were exchanged
Hanging by thumbs
suspended by thumbs for a period of time
Harvest
Secular celebration of the end of harvest in August; it was incorporated into the Christian calendar
Haugh
a piece of level ground, usually alluvial, on the banks of a river
Head and foot
touching of the head and foot with opposite hands - all between was given to the Devil
Healing Animals
the suspect was accused of healing animals
Healing Humans
the suspect was accused of healing humans
Hen
associated with weather, fertility symbol, blood used in healing rituals
Herb
non-specified medicinal herbs
Holy Cross day
13 or 14 September, celebration of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
Holy water
blessed or sacred water believed to have special powers
Holy well
well or spring believed to have special powers, sometime associated with a saint of other revered figure or fairies. Wells were believed to have special powers of healing. The Protestant church condemned pilgrimages to wells or use of holy wells for healing or restoration.
Hook
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies
Horseshoe
believed to protect against fairy power because it was made of iron
Howe
a hole, depression or low-lying piece of ground
Human Death
the suspect was accused of killing a person(s)
Human Illness
the suspect was accused of causing a person(s) to become ill
In Dream
accused witch appeared in a dream
Inanimate Object Devil
The Devil appeared in the form of an inanimate object
Incantation
the use of spells or invocations
Incest
had a wider definition in the early modern period. It usually meant sexual relations with in-laws
Insect Devil
The Devil appeared in the form of an insect
Insect
accused witch appeared in the form of an insect
Interrogatory
list of interrogation questions
Iron (hot)
protection from harmful power of fairies
Iron
cold iron believed to protect against fairy power
Irons
tied in iron chains
Jewel
non-specified gemstone, used as amulet
Judge Ordinar
any convenient secular authority, the usual or customary judge (as opposed to a special commissioner)
Justice of the Peace (JP)
justice officials appointed by the King, to maintain law and order in a county
Justiciar
justice, law
King of Fairy
male leader of the fairy group
Kirk session
the lowest court of the Presbyterian Church consisting of a minister and elders of a parish. Responsible for local church governing and discipline. See bibliography and sources for a full definition
Kisses Devil's bottom
worship of the Devil by inversion/perversion of Christian symbolism
Knife
sharp, made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies
Lairds/Baron
high status landowners with inherited titles and lands, but not the top rung of land holding society. These people were usually referred to as the laird of somewhere. People in this category did not work their land or perform a craft. They lived off of rents or other kinds of income
Lammas
1 August, Celtic festivity of Lugh, also known as Lughnasadh
Landless
people without any access to any land or steady work, often described as vagrants or vagabonds
Laying On
the suspect was accused of causing a disease and then removing it
Lead
used to identify illness and divine its outcome
Leather Strap
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Lee Penny
a little red stone encased in silver, the Lockhart of Lee family claimed it was brought back from the Crusades. It was believed to have magical properties. Used in rituals - dipped in water, stirred three times, water used to heal animals/humans. (The family is no longer called Lockhart.)
Lent
40 day fast before Easter, starts on Ash Wednesday
Links
a stretch of undulating open sandy ground
Liver
believed to be seat of strength/courage; could counteract harmful magic
Loan
a grassy track
Loanhead
head of a grassy track
Lord Advocate
the public prosecutor, a high justice official appointed by the crown
Mala Fama
bad reputation or ill repute
Male fairy (elf)
male fairy, not the king, sometimes also referred to as an elf
Male Fairy
non-natural being appeared in the form of a man
Male Impotence
the suspect was accused of causing male impotence
Male
The Devil appeared in the form of a man
Maleficium (used at witches' meeting)
the witches' meeting was used to cause magical harm to an individual or community
Maleficium
the suspect accused of causing magical harm to people, goods or animals
Martinmas
11 November, mass celebrated on St Martin's day
Meal market
market place where meal (oatmeal) was sold
Meal
usually refers to oatmeal, possibly associated with fertility and growth or sustenance
Meeting at 12:00
meeting that was described as taking place at either noon or midnight. This was important as a boundary or liminal time between night and day or day and night.
Mercat Cross
marks the spot in a town for a recurring market
Merk
two-thirds of a pound Scots
Metal
non-specified but some had traditional protective properties
Michaelmas
29 September, mass celebrated on St Michael's day
Midnight
liminal boundary time between night and day
Midsummer
24 June, summer solstice, before the start of the shortening of day, also St John's day
Midwifery
the suspect performed midwifery
Milk
often left as an offering to helpful supernatural spirits/beings
Mole's feet
moles associated with underground and demons
Money
and coins could be left as a votive offering or used as an amulet
Moor
rough uncultivated heathery land
Nail trimmings
to be used/destroyed carefully to avoid transfer of illness or being used in witchcraft rituals, could be used in sympathetic magic to stand for the victim
Nail
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies
Necromancy
calling up spirits for magical operations
Neighbourhood dispute
the suspect was accused of causing magical harm following quarrels among neighbours
Nettle
medicinal plant, effective against green venom, toothache, consumption and the Devil
New name
a new name given to a witch by the Devil indicating a rejection of Christian baptism - a re-naming in the Devil
Nine
repetition of action 3x3, powerful number and motif used in many cultures
Not enough information recorded
the record doesn't record enough information to make any sort of characterisation
Notar
a notary public
Nuris Day
Possibly associated with wet nursing, we are not sure
Oil
for anointing as part of healing rituals
Onion
medicinal plant, effective against sores, headaches, colds, fever and warts
Other Demon
non-natural being appeared in the form of a demon other than the Devil
Our Lady Day (Harvest)
16 August, festival associated with the mother of Christ
Paction
general, non-specific pact made with the Devil
Paper
on which might be written words of prayers or gospel, used as healing/protective amulets
Parliament
Scotland's sovereign legislative body, which sometimes issued commissions of justiciary
Phantom
accused witch appeared in the form of an unspecified phantom
Pilgrimage
journey to sacred place, banned by the Scottish parliament in 1581
Pillows
no specific symbolic use
Pin
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies, often left as votive offerings at wells/shrines
Plant
non-specified medicinal plant
Plough
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies, possibly symbolising fertility
Poisoning
the suspect was accused of poisoning someone
Political Motive
the case involved a dynastic or political struggle
Porteous rolls
list of people to appear at a circuit court
Possession
the accused witch claimed to be possessed by the Devil
Pot
no specific symbolic use, used in transference rituals
Potions
non-specified salves or drinks
Pottage
oatmeal porridge, non-specified use
Powder
no specific symbolic uses, possibly a poison or ground up corpse powder
Prayer
invocation; may have been thought to have been used in a superstitious or ignorant way
Precognition
a statement made by a witness during the investigation
Presbytery
an ecclesiastical court above the kirk session and below the synod, see bibliography and sources for a full definition
Pricking
the body of the suspect witch was pricked with pins in order to find a Devil's mark. Learned belief said that the Devil's mark was left on the body of the witch after she or he had sealed a pact with the Devil. It was believed to be insensitive to pain. Often moles, warts or other visible skin blemishes were tested and shown to be Devil's marks.
Privy Council (PC)
the official body for daily government consisting of high officers of state and other magnates presided over by the Chancellor which exercised judicial, and executive power
Procurator
a legal representative, a procurator fiscal was the prosecutor in a sheriff court
Property Damage
the suspect was accused of damaging property
Property Motive
the case involved an attempt to get the property of the witchcraft suspect
Provost
the civic head of a town or burgh council, elected official, equivalent to mayor
Pursuer
a prosecutor, public or private
Put to the horn
declared outlaw, usually for non-appearance at trial
Quarrelling
the suspect was accused of quarrelling
Quarter day
day dividing the Celtic year into four, marking the different seasons
Queen of Fairy
female leader of a group of fairies sometimes called Queen of Elphame or Elphane
Rack
tied to wooden rack and stretched
Recognised Healer
the suspect was a recognised (or 'professional') healer
Refused charity to economic dependant
the witchcraft suspect was refused charity from a social superior. The social superior then launched a witchcraft accusation against the beggar
Regality
jurisdiction granted by the King to a powerful landholder
Remit
to refer a case to another authority for opinion or advice, transfer of one case from one court to another
Removal of bewitchment
the suspect was accused of removing a bewitchment (i.e. harm caused by another witch)
Ribbon
no specific symbolic uses but often used to tie around sick person as part of healing ritual
Riddle (turning of)
a coarse sieve, used for divination
Ring
gold rings used against eye diseases
Rok (distaff)
normally used in spinning, no specific symbolic use
Rowan tree
the tree itself was believed to protect against the harmful powers of fairies and witches, it was sometimes the spot of a specific ritual
Rowan
parts of the tree (leaves or branches) traditionally believed to protect against the power of fairies and witches
Ruidday
3 May or 14 September, celebration of the Invention of the Holy Cross or Rude
Sabbath
Sunday, day of religious worship
Saint Magnus Day
16 April, celebration of St Magnus
Saint Thomas Eve
20 December, celebration of St Thomas
Saints
pre-Reformation invocation of saints for intercession, condemned by Protestant church
Salt pans
place where seawater was evaporated and salt collected
Salt water
used to cleanse/purify, also had protective/healing qualities, possibly religious symbolism
Salt
used to cleanse/purify, also had protective/healing qualities, possible religious symbolism
Salve
non-specified ointment applied to heal
Sand
possibly representing the power of nature, fertility and growth
Scissors
sharp, made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies, smaller than shears
Scolding
the offence of women's quarrelling
Scripture
extracts from the Christian bible, verses or prayers
Sea Nut
Molluka bean from the West Indies, washed up on west coast of Scotland, worn as protective amulets, used to recover spoilt milk
Searching
general, non-specified searching for Devil's marks
Servant
indicates that the accused had agreed to be the Devil's servant
Sex
indicated that the accused had sexual relations with the Devil
Shape-Changing
the documentation described the witch appearing in a different form
Shears
sharp, made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies, could be used with a sieve for divination, bigger than scissors
Shirt
used to represent the sick person, blessed and returned to them to provide cure
Shoes
associated with good /bad luck, often associated with marriage/fertility/childbirth
Sieve
used in divination rituals, often with shears
Sign of the cross
crossing oneself, emblem of crucifixion, associated with Catholicism, condemned by Protestant church
Signet
one of the crown seals of Scotland, used to authorise commissions of justiciary
Silver
highly prized metal, associated with purity, used as protection against witchcraft/evil
Singing
attenders of the witches' meeting sang
Six
repetition of action 2x3 times
Sleep Deprivation
watched and warded, kept awake continuously
Smoke
no specific symbolic use, possibly associated with the supposed purifying powers of fire or used as a sort of fumigation
Snail
no specific symbolic use
Snake skin
no specific symbolic use, possible association with the Devil in the Garden of Eden
Soothsaying
telling the future
Specific Ritual Acts
Specific Ritual Acts were discussed in the documentation
Specific Verbal Formulae
Specific Verbal Formulae were used for curing or any other ritual
Spindle
normally used in spinning, no specific symbolic use
Spinning
traditional skill associated with fairies
Spirit (as a non-natural being)
non-natural being appeared in the form of a non-specified spirit
Spirit (witch's appearance)
accused witch appeared in the form of an unspecified spirit
Spit
saliva, associated with good luck or warding off evil, cures toothache, warts
Stick
no specific symbolic use, possibly a wand or a protective tree, possibly similar to a baton
Stocks
put in wooden frame with holes for legs
Stones
healing stones regarded/identified as being special
Straw
no specific symbolic use
Sunrise
boundary time, boundary times were often associated with fairies
Sustentatioun
support, maintenance
Sword
made of iron, used for protection from harmful power of fairies
Sympathetic Magic
use of an object to stand in for a person in a magical ritual
Synod
an ecclesiastical court of the Presbyterian Church hierarchy intermediate between the presbytery and the general assembly
Tacit pact
the accused used power of the pact but did not describe any specific features
Tether
used in healing and harmful rituals, particularly if stolen from an intended victim
Thorn Tree
tree traditionally believed to protect against the power of fairies
Thorn
a thorn tree or bush
Thread
often used to tie around sick person as part of healing ritual
Three
significant number and motif, both Christian and pre-Christian symbolism
Thumbscrews
thumbs squeezed
Tied to pole
tied to pole for a period of time
Toad
as for frog, associated with Devil, sin and impurity, used in transference of disease
Tobacco
non-native, exotic plant, no specific symbolic use, regarded as medicinal
Tolbooth
a prison, a place to hold prisoners before trial, not a form of punishment
Transferring Disease
the suspect was accused of transferring a disease from sick person to someone or something else
Treason
witchcraft accusation was linked to treason (i.e. witches trying to kill the king or working in league with people trying to kill the king)
Tree
non-specified, some were associated with healing/protective powers
Trial Type
We have defined three types of process through which an accused witch could be brought to trial: a central trial, a local trial and a mixed/central local trial. We defined a fourth type of trial process called 'mentioned in a trial' for convenience, to denote those people mentioned as a witch by another accused or confessed witch. For more information about each trial type see the help menu in the Trial Process Detail report.
Trilapse
a third offence against church discipline for the same crime, especially fornication
Trinity
Christian Holy Trinity - Father, Son and Holy Ghost
Turf
representing the power of nature, fertility and growth
Umquhile
deceased
Unorthodox religious practice (characterisation)
the suspect was accused of doing anything vaguely 'religious' but clearly not part of any officially sanctioned Protestant or Catholic orthodoxy.
Unorthodox Religious Practice (folk belief)
accused used an unorthodox religious practice
Unspecified Devil
non-natural being appeared in the form of a non-specified Devil
Urine (stale)
no specific symbolic uses but often used in healing rituals or medicines
Urine
no specific symbolic uses but often used in healing rituals or medicines
Various
various non-specified type or types of torture
Victim Fit
used in possession cases to identify the person causing the possession, victim had fit in presence of suspected persecutor
Vinegar
no specific symbolic use
Vision
accused witch appeared as a vision
Want nothing
the accused confessed that the Devil promised to provide everything for them and that they 'should never want'
Ward
a prison, a place to hold prisoners before trial, but not a form of punishment
Water
life giving, associated with healing power of nature, spirits and saints
Watercress
medicinal plant, antiscorbutic qualities, said to increase appetite
Wax/clay images
used in image magic to represent the intended victim
Wax
figures/pictures made of wax used in image magic to represent the intended victim, this is sympathetic magic, the three dimensional figure was used to stand in for the body of the intended victim.
Wayburn leaf
or waybread, common plantain, sacred medicinal herb, diuretic and astringent properties
Weather Modification
the suspect was accused of changing the weather
Wedges on the shins
pain caused by application of weights/wedges to the shins, probably the same as the 'boots'
Well
well or spring often believed to be associated with or used by fairies
Wheat
no specific symbolic uses, but as living grain associated with fertility and growth
Whip
whipped with a whip or rope
Whirlwind
blast of fairy wind that was believed to cause harm
Whitsunday
Pentecost, 50 days after Easter Sunday
Wine
no specific symbolic use, but unusual ingredient, possible religious symbolism
Witch-pricker
a person who was hired to prick a suspected witch with a needle in order to find possible Devil's mark. See Devil's mark for further definition.
Wood
non-specified type, may have some special properties
Wort
infusion of malt, fermented to make ale, no specific symbolic use
Yarn
woollen thread, often used to tie around sick person as part of healing ritual
Yule
Midwinter festival, equivalent to Christmas

Socio-economic Status Categories

Nobility/Chiefs
major landowners, high status, inherited titles and lands. People from this category did not work their land or perform a craft, they lived off rents and income from property.
Upper
people in this category were wealthy, they often had access to land and/or property but no titles. They can be distinguished form Lairds/Baron and Nobility/Chief because they usually had to work for their living. They were more successful than the middling category either because they were very successful at their work or were employed in more lucrative professions. They include wealthy burgesses, important merchants, top level craftsmen (silversmiths, surgeons, etc.), tacksmen (leaseholders), advocates/lawyers. Some people in this category had as much or more wealth as the Laird/Baron or Nobility/Chief, but they earned it and did not generally have titles.
Lairds/Baron
high status landowners with inherited titles and lands, but not the top rung of land holding society. These people were usually referred to as the laird of somewhere. People in this category did not work their land or perform a craft. They lived off rents or other kinds of income.
Middling
this category was assigned to people who had a secure access tenancy of land and/or were secure craftsmen. The category includes tenant farmers (variously described, e.g. 'portioner'), baillies/factors, burgesses, lesser craftsmen (bakers, skinners, weavers, cordiners, fleshers, etc.), and ministers. These were people who had to work the land or at a craft for their living but were doing OK.
Lower
quite poor, but people assigned this category had some access to land and at least some kind of employment. They were subtenants, semi-skilled artisans, colliers, gardeners, fishermen, workmen or sailors.
Very Poor
people in this category had some, limited access to land/employment to provide a meagre living. They include cottars (cottagers), servants in small households, grassmen, shepherds, and other types of odd jobs.
Landless
people without any access to any land or steady work, often described as vagrants or vagabonds.

Modern/Standardised Last Names

A-FG-MarMas-Z
A
A Wallis
Abbot
Abel
Abernethy
Acheson
Achibald
Achmuty
Adair
Adam
Adamson
Addie
Addison
Admiston
Affleck
Agnus
Aiken
Aikenhead
Aird
Airth
Alan
Alexander
Alison
Allanshaw
Allanson
Anderson
Andrew
Angus
Annan
Anstruther
Archer
Argyll
Arklay
Armstrong
Aroane
Astrin
Aunchtie
Ayton
B
Baikie
Baillie
Bain
Baines
Baird
Balfour
Ballantine
Ballath
Balmain
Bane
Banks
Bannatyne
Bannerman
Baptie
Barber
Barclay
Bargans
Barker
Barney
Baron
Barrie
Barrowman
Barten
Bartill
Bartleman
Barton
Bathgate
Baxter
Beattie
Beer
Begbie
Belches
Bell
Bellanie
Bennet
Bennett
Berry
Bertram
Bess
Beveridge
Beverley
Bezok
Biggam
Bigland
Binney
Birnie
Bishop
Bisset
Black
Blackburn
Blackett
Bladderstouns
Blair
Blyth
Boag
Bogtown
Bonar
Bonn
Bornlie
Borthwick
Boswell
Bowar
Bowden
Bowie
Bowmaker
Bowndie
Bowsie
Boyd
Boyle
Boyman
Boyn
Brackenridge
Braidhead
Brand
Breson
Brocket
Brodie
Brotherstone
Brotherstones
Brown
Brownhill
Bruce
Brugh
Bryce
Bryson
Buchan
Buchanan
Budge
Bull
Burbar
Burgess
Burgh
Burke
Burne
Burness
Burnet
Burrell
Burt
Burton
Butter
Buy
C
Cadenhead
Cairncross
Cairns
Callam
Callander
Callen
Callwalls
Campbell
Cant
Card
Carfrae
Carlips
Carlisle
Carmichael
Carnochan
Carrick
Carrie
Carrington
Carrol
Carruthers
Carse
Carson
Carswell
Carter
Carvie
Caskie
Casse
Castle
Cathie
Cattanach
Cauldwell
Cechie
Chactach
Chalmers
Chancellor
Chapman
Charters
Chatto
Chib
Chirnside
Chisholm
Chivas
Chousley
Chrichton
Christian
Christie
Cieroch
Clacherty
Clark
Clarkson
Cleghorn
Cleland
Clench
Clerach
Clerk
Cleuch
Clow
Cochran
Cock
Cockburn
Cockie
Colden
Colin
Colington
Colquhoun
Colville
Comb
Comes
Conchie
Condie
Congalton
Conker
Connal
Connochie
Cony
Cooke
Cooper
Copland
Coran
Cornfoot
Corsan
Corsbie
Corse
Coruth
Cossie
Cothall
Coull
Couper
Coutts
Covington
Cowan
Cowie
Craig
Craigie
Cramond
Cranston
Crauford
Craw
Crawford
Crichton
Crieff
Cristell
Crockaime
Crockatt
Cromarty
Crooks
Crosar
Crosbie
Cross
Croudie
Cruickshank
Cuj
Cullen
Cumlaquoy
Cumming
Cumray
Cunningham
Curchan
Currie
Cursitter
Cusing
Cutchmoulie
Cuthbert
Cuthbertson
D
Dagger
Dalgleish
Dallas
Dalling
Dalmahoy
Dalrymple
Dalyell
Damiet
Darling
Darsie
Davidson
Davie
Dawson
Deans
Demperston
Dempster
Denholme
Dennis
Desk
Dewar
Dick
Dickie
Dickson
Diverty
Dobbie
Dobson
Dock
Dod
Dodds
Dollar
Dolsoun
Dolt
Donald
Donaldson
Dott
Dougal
Doughty
Douglas
Dow
Drever
Dron
Drummond
Drupes
Dryburgh
Drysdale
Duchill
Duddingston
Duff
Dun
Dunbar
Duncan
Dundas
Dune
Dungalson
Dunkalow
Dunlop
Durie
Durwart
Dusone
Dyat
Dykes
Dynnes
E
Easson
Edington
Edward
Ego
Elder
Ellam
Elliot
Ellis
Elphinston
Elshener
Elsinquoy
Elves
English
Erskine
Eumond
Ewan
Ewart
Eyre
F
Fairgrieve
Fairlie
Fairwell
Falconer
Farmer
Farquhar
Faw
Fean
Feirour
Fellowsdale
Fenton
Fenwick
Fergie
Fergus
Ferguson
Fiddler
Fife
Finlay
Finlayson
Finn
Finnie
Fisher
Fisher's Daughter
Flayer
Fleck
Fleming
Flesher
Flinker
Flint
Flockhart
Flowers
Foden
Fogg
Forbes
Ford
Fordell
Forest
Forman
Forrester
Forsyth
Foster
Fotheringham
Foulis
Fowler
Foxton
Frame
Fraser
Frater
French
Friece
Frissell
Fullarton
Fulton
G
Galbraith
Gallie
Galloway
Garden
Gardener
Garlic
Garner
Garvie
Gaston
Gaul
Gavin
Gaw
Gaylor
Geddes
Geddie
Gelly
Gentleman
George
Gerard
Getgud
Gibb
Gibson
Gilbert
Gilchrist
Gill
Gill's Daughter
Gillecallum
Gillepatrick
Gillespie
Gillies
Gillivray
Gilmichael
Gilmore
Glass
Gledd
Glen
Gold
Good
Goodal
Goodfellow
Goodie
Goodlad
Gorat
Gordon
Gotterson
Goudie
Gourlay
Govan
Gow
Gowan
Gowanlock
Gowrie
Graham
Grant
Gray
Gray-meill
Graycoat
Green
Greenlaw
Greenshields
Greg
Grey
Grierson
Grieve
Grinton
Groat
Grougie
Guild
Guisett
Gulivatas
Gullan
Gulliland
Gunn
Guthrie
Gutter
Gyllor
H
Haddock
Haggon
Hairstones
Haistie
Haldane
Haliburton
Halket
Hall
Halliday
Halliwell
Hamilton
Handasyde
Hanna
Hardie
Harlaw
Harper
Harris
Hart
Harther
Harvey
Hasbane
Hastie
Hay
Hayman
Henderson
Henillis
Henry
Henry's Daughter
Henryson
Hepburn
Herald
Herbertson
Herd
Heriot
Herkertson
Hermiston
Herries
Herring
Hewat
Hewingston
Hewison
Hill
Hirdal
Hislop
Hogg
Hoggan
Hoggart
Hogger
Holden
Holmes
Homas
Home
Honeyman
Hood
Hopkins
Hopkirk
Horn
Horniman
Horsburgh
Houston
Howat
Howatson
Howden
Howie
Howieson
Hoy
Hudson
Hugan
Hugo
Huldie
Humble
Hunter
Hutcheon
Hutcheson
Hutchison
Hutton
Hyndman
I
Imlay
Incheot
Inglis
Ingram
Innes
Ireland
Irvine
Isaac
Isbister
Izat
J
Jack
Jackson
Jaffray
Jamieson
Jarvie
Jo
John's Daughter
Johnson
Johnston
Jollie
Jonking
K
Kay
Keil
Keith
Kello
Kellock
Kelly
Kelman
Kelso
Keltie
Kemp
Kennan
Kennedy
Kennock
Kent
Ker
Kerse
Kight
Kilgour
Kilpatrick
Kincaid
King
Kinglassie
Kingo
Kininmont
Kinnaird
Kinneil
Kinnes
Kinsman
Kirk
Kirkland
Kirkpatrick
Kirkton
Kirkwood
Knarston
Knox
Kyle
L
Lachlan
Lacost
Laidlaw
Laing
Laird
Lamb
Lamont
Landrok
Largizean
Lauder
Law
Lawrie
Lawson
Layland
Leach
Lear
Leask
Leddy
Legat
Leiges
Leike
Leitch
Lennie
Leonard
Leslie
Letham
Lewars
Lewinston
Leys
Lieshman
Lightbody
Lilburn
Lillie
Linay
Lindsay
Linkup
Linton
Lister
Lithgow
Little
Loch
Lochoir
Lochtie
Lockart
Lockie
Lodge
Logan
Logie
Longland
Loquhour
Lorimer
Losk
Loudon
Love
Lovelike
Lowes
Luddes
Lumsden
Luney
Lyle
Lyne
Lyon
M
MacAlaster
MacAlester Boyne
MacAlexander
MacAllan
MacAllexander
MacAngus
MacArthur
MacAskie
Macbeth
MacBrown
MacBurnie
MacCall
MacCallum
MacCalzean
MacCann
MacCartney
MacCaw
MacChananaich
MacCheriech
MacCheyne
MacClachan
MacClartich
MacClerick
MacClintock
MacCoel
MacConachie
MacConnal
MacCubbin
MacEwan
MacFerries
MacGavin
MacGhee
MacGill
MacGillemichael
MacGillepatrick
MacGillichoan
MacGilliecallum
MacGillivray
MacGillovary
MacGilvane
MacGowan
MacGrane
MacGregor
MacGuffog
MacGuire
MacHendrie
MacHolm
MacHouston
MacIllday
MacIlmichael
MacIlna
MacIngaruch
MacInreoch
MacIntyre
MacIver
MacJohn
MacKaw
MacKay
MacKenna
MacKennan
MacKenzie
MacKeoner
MacKeraish
MacKessak
MacKessock
Mackie
MacKillop
MacKinlay
MacKinnay
MacKirdie
MacKulkie
MacLae
MacLean
MacLevin
MacMartin
MacMichael
MacMillan
MacMurdoch
MacMurray
MacMurrich
Macnab
MacNair
MacNairn
MacNaught
MacNeil
MacNeish
MacNicol
MacNilland
MacNiven
MacNoullar
MacPhail
MacPhee
MacPherson
MacQueen
MacQuicken
MaCrae
MacReadie
MacRobert
MacRory
MacSkimming
MacTaggart
MacTear
MacWatt
MacWilliam
Maguate
Maillshead
Main
Maislet
Maitland
Major
Malcolm
Malcolmson
Man
Manderston (Arnot)
Manners
Manson
Mark
Marnoch
Marr
Marshall
Martin
Marwick
Mason
Masterton
Mather
Matheson
Mathie
Maver
Maxwell
May
Mearns
Meek
Meikle
Meldrum
Melrose
Melville
Mercer
Merchant
Meslet
Methven
Michelson
Middlemas
Mie
Miller
Milligan
Milne
Milton
Minto
Mitchell
Moffat
Mogersland
Monk
Monteith
Montgomery
Moodie
Mor Nin Vickeanglaish
Morgan
Morris
Morrison
Morton
Moscrop
Moss
Mott
Moubray
Mowat
Moyness
Mrgillie Lukell
Muir
Muircone
Muirhead
Muirieson
Munn
Munro
Murdoch
Murit
Murray
Mutch
Mutton
Myles
N
Nacoch
Naesmith
Nairn
Napier
Neil
Neilson
Neinchat
Neville
Newton
Nicol
Nicolson
Niddrie
Nimmo
Nisbet
Nishie
Niven
O
Ochterlonyes
Ogg
Ogilvie
Oisone
Oliphant
Oliver
Omnoch
Orr
Orrock
Osborne
Osler
Oswald
Owir
P
Page
Paplay
Paris
Parish
Park
Parker
Paterson
Paton
Paul
Payne
Peacock
Peaston
Peattie
Peebles
Penman
Pennant
Penny
Pennycook
Peramorris
Peterkin
Phail
Philip
Pierson
Pilmuir
Piper
Pirie
Pittendreigh
Pogavie
Polock
Polwarth
Pook
Pope
Porteous
Porter
Pothif
Potter
Pratt
Pride
Pringle
Profet
Propter
Provost
Purcell
Purdie
Q
Quarrier
R
Rae
Raeburn
Ramage
Ramannows
Ramsay
Randall
Rank
Rankin
Rannick
Rannie
Rass
Ratter
Rattray
Ray
Raymond
Redford
Redmond
Redpath
Reid
Remy
Rhind
Riach
Richard
Richardson
Richieson
Riddall
Ritchie
Robb
Robbie
Robert
Robertson
Robeson
Robinson
Rogers
Rogie
Ronald
Ronaldson
Ross
Rossie
Rowan
Roy
Rudge
Rule
Russel
Rutherford
S
Saddler
Samson
Samuel
Samuelston (Home)
Sanderson
Sandie
Sandieson
Sands
Sawyer
Saythe
Schailer
Scheil
Scobie
Scogian
Scord
Scotland
Scott
Scottie
Scougal
Scrogges
Scroggie
Seaman
Selkirk
Semple
Sesbie
Seton
Seweis
Shand
Shanks
Shannan
Sharp
Shaw
Shayme
Shearer
Shedden
Shepherd
Sherwood
Shiel
Shillington
Shire
Short
Shorthouse
Sibbald
Simbeard
Simpson
Sinclair
Skair
Skaitson
Skebister
Skene
Slater
Sleigh
Sloan
Small
Smart
Smeaton
Smillie
Smith
Somerville
Souness
Souter
Spae Wife
Spaldarge
Spark
Speed
Speirs
Spence
Spittal
Spreull
Sprott
Staig
Stark
Steedman
Steel
Stein
Stenhouse
Steven
Stevenson
Stewart
Stillcart
Stillie
Stirk
Stirt
Stith
Stobie
Stoddart
Stonehouse
Stout
Stowane
Strachan
Strath
Stratton
Straughan
Studgeon
Sturrok
Summer
Sunderland
Supp
Sutherland
Sutie
Swan
Swinton
Sydserf
Syme
Syrie
T
Tais
Tait
Tame
Tarbet
Task
Tasker
Taylor
Temple
Thom
Thomas' Daughter
Thomson
Thorbrand
Thyne
Todd
Todrick
Todry
Torr
Torrie
Toyes
Traill
Traye
Trotter
Trotton
Tucidie
Tullie
Tulloch
Turnbull
Turner
Tweedie
Twich
U
Udny
Umpherstoun
Umphray
Unchach
Unes
Unknown
Ure
Urich
V
Vallance
Vane
Vass
Vayne
Veitch
Velene
Vertie
Vikker
Voe
W
Waddie
Walden
Walker
Wallace
Wanderson
Wanton
Wark
Warrick
Waten
Waterson
Watson
Watt
Waugh
Webster
Weir
Welch
Well
Wemyss
Wenton
West
Wharrie
White
Whitelaw
Whiteman
Wick
Wikean
Wilkie
Wilkin
Wilkinson
William
Williamson
Wilson
Winster
Wishart
Wood
Woodrow
Woodside
Wright
Wylie
Wynd
Y
Yerkin
Yester
Young
Yourston
Yrascht
Yule

Modern/Standardised First Names

A-GH-MN-Z
A  Adam
Africk
Agnes
Alexander
Alison
Alistair
Allan
Amy
Anabel
Andrew
Angus
Annabel
Anne
Archibald
B
Barbara
Bartie
Beak
Beatrice
Beigis
Bernard
Bridget
C
Charles
Christine
Cormule
Couper
Cruddal
Crystal
Curate of Anstruther
D
Dame
Daughter of Agnes
Daughter of Alexander
Daughter of black Hugh
David
Dod
Donald
Dorothy
Duncan
E
Easter
Edward
Eldest son of Katharine Moore
Elizabeth
Ellen
Eric
Euphemia
F
Fillie
Finwell
Florence
Francis
Fritte
G
Gavin
George
Gideon
Gilbert
Giles
Gillian
Gormyle
Gradoch
Gredoch
Gretchach
Griselda
H
Hector
Helen
Henry
Henwife
Hucheon
Hugh
Husband of Elizabeth
I
Isobel
J
James
Janet
Jean
Joan
John
Jokkie
Jonka
Julian
K
Katherine
Keanoch
L
Lachlan
Lancelot
Libra
Lillias
M
Maal
MacColm
Magdalene
Magnus
Maisie
Malcolm
Malie
Margaret
Marion
Marjory
Marshal
Martha
Mary
Marybel
Mathew
Maud
Meslie
Michael
Mid most
Miriam
Moira
Molly
Molphrie
More Nain Duy
Mother of
Mother of Christine
Mother of David
Mother of Janet
Mother of William
Muir
Muriel
N
Neane
Neving
Nic
Nicola
Nicolas
Ninian
O
Oliver
P
Patrick
Poile
R
Rachel
Richard
Robert
Rosina
S
Samuel
Sarah
Scota
Shiach
Sister of Agnes
Steven
Suna
Susanna
Sybil
T
Thomas
Tibbie
U
Unknown
V
Violet
W
Walter
Wife of
Wife of Alexander
Wife of Archibald
Wife of Archie
wife of George
Wife of Henry
Wife of James
Wife of John
wife of Nicoll
Wife of Poile
Wife of Soirle
Wife of Thomas
Wife of Walter
Wife of William
William

Parishes in 17th century Scotland

A list of parish names used in the database, compiled using Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae: The Succession of Ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation, Hew Scott (editor), Edinburgh, 1915-28.

A-EllErr-LM-Z
A
Abbey St Bathans
Abdie
Abercorn
Aberdalgie
Aberdeen
Aberdour
Aberfoyle
Aberlady
Aberlemno
Aberlour
Abernethy
Abernethy and Kincardine
Abernyte
Aboyne and Glen Tanar
Airlie
Airth
Alford
Alloa
Alness
Alva
Alvah
Alves
Alvie
Alyth
Ancrum
Annan
Anstruther Easter
Anstruther Wester
Anwoth
Applecross
Applegarth
Arbirlot
Arbroath and St Vigeans
Arbuthnott
Ardchattan and Muckairn
Ardclach
Ardersier
Ardgour
Ardnamurchan
Ardoch
Ardrossan
Arisaig and Moidart
Arngask
Arrochar
Ashkirk
Assynt
Athelstaneford
Auchindoir and Kearn
Auchinleck
Auchterarder
Auchterderran
Auchtergaven
Auchterhouse
Auchterless
Auchtermuchty
Auchtertool
Auldearn
Avoch
Avondale
Ayr
Ayton
B
Baldernock
Balfron
Ballantrae
Ballingry
Balmaclellan
Balmaghie
Balmerino
Balquhidder
Banchory-Devenick
Banchory-Ternan
Banff
Barr
Barra
Barry
Barvas
Bathgate
Beath
Bedrule
Beith
Belhelvie
Bellie
Bendochy
Benholm
Bervie
Biggar
Birnie
Birsay and Harray
Birse
Blackford
Blair Atholl
Blairgowrie
Blantyre
Bo'ness and Carriden
Boharm
Boleskine and Abertarff
Bolton
Bonhill
Borgue
Borthwick
Bothwell
Botriphnie
Bourtie
Bowden
Bower
Boyndie
Bracadale
Brechin
Bressay
Broughton Glenholm & Kilbucho
Buchanan
Buittle
Bunkle and Preston
Burntisland
C
Cabrach
Cadder
Caddonfoot
Caerlaverock
Cairnie
Callander
Cambuslang
Cambusnethan
Cameron
Campbeltown
Campsie
Canisbay
Canonbie
Caputh
Cardross
Careston
Cargill
Carluke
Carmichael
Carmunnock
Carmyllie
Carnbee
Carnock
Carnwath
Carrington
Carsphairn
Carstairs
Castleton
Cathcart
Cavers
Cawdor
Ceres
Channelkirk
Chapel of Garioch
Chirnside
Clackmannan
Clatt
Cleish
Closeburn
Clunie
Cluny
Clyne
Cockburnspath
Cockpen
Coldingham
Coldstream
Coll
Collace
Collessie
Colmonell
Colonsay and Oronsay
Colvend and Southwick
Comrie
Contin
Cortachy and Clova
Coull
Coupar Angus
Covington
Coylton
Craig
Craigie
Craignish
Crail
Crailing
Cramond
Cranshaws
Cranston
Crathie and Braemar
Crawford
Crawfordjohn
Creich
Crichton
Crieff
Crimond
Cromarty
Cromdale Inverallan & Advie
Cross and Burness
Crossmichael
Croy and Dalcross
Cruden
Cullen
Culross
Culsalmond
Culter
Cults
Cumbernauld
Cumbrae
Cummertrees
Cupar
Currie
D
Dailly
Dairsie
Dalgety
Dalkeith
Dallas
Dalmellington
Dalmeny
Dalry
Dalrymple
Dalserf
Dalton
Dalziel
Daviot
Daviot and Dunlichity
Delting
Denny
Deskford
Dingwall
Dirleton
Dollar
Dolphinton
Dores
Dornoch
Dornock
Douglas
Drainie
Dreghorn
Dron
Drumblade
Drumelzier
Drumoak
Dryfesdale
Drymen
Duffus
Duirinish
Dull
Dumbarton
Dumfries
Dun
Dunbar
Dunbarney
Dunblane and Lecropt
Dunbog
Dundee
Dundee Combination
Dundonald
Dunfermline
Dunino
Dunipace
Dunkeld and Dowally
Dunlop
Dunnet
Dunnichen
Dunning
Dunnottar
Dunoon and Kilmun
Dunrossness
Duns
Dunscore
Dunsyre
Durisdeer
Durness
Durris
Duthil and Rothiemurchus
Dyce
Dyke and Moy
E
Eaglesham
Earlston
Eassie and Nevay
East Kilbride
Eastwood
Eccles
Ecclesmachan
Echt
Eckford
Eday
Edderton
Eddleston
Eddrachillis
Edinburgh
Edinkillie
Ednam
Edrom
Edzell
Elgin
Elie
Ellon
Errol
Erskine
Eskdalemuir
Ettrick
Evie and Rendall
Ewes
Eyemouth
F
Fala and Soutra
Falkirk
Falkland
Farnell
Farr
Fearn
Fenwick
Fern
Ferry Port on Craig
Fetlar
Fettercairn
Fetteresso
Findo Gask
Fintray
Fintry
Firth
Flisk
Fodderty
Fogo
Fordoun
Fordyce
Forfar
Forgan
Forgandenny
Forglen
Forgue
Forres
Forteviot
Fortingall
Fossoway
Foulden
Foveran
Fowlis Easter
Fowlis Wester
Fraserburgh
Fyvie
G
Gairloch
Galashiels
Galston
Gamrie
Gargunnock
Gartly
Garvald and Bara
Garvock
Gigha and Cara
Girthon
Girvan
Gladsmuir
Glamis
Glasgow
Glass
Glassary
Glasserton
Glassford
Glenbervie
Glenbuchat
Glencairn
Glencorse
Glendevon
Glenelg
Glenisla
Glenmuick Tullich & Glengairn
Glenorchy and Inishail
Glenshiel
Golspie
Gordon
Govan
Grange
Grangemouth
Greenlaw
Greenock
Gretna
Guthrie
H
Haddington
Half Morton
Halkirk
Hamilton
Harris
Hawick
Heriot
Hobkirk
Hoddom
Holm
Holywood
Houston and Killellan
Hownam
Hoy and Graemsay
Humbie
Hume
Huntly
Hutton
Hutton and Corrie
I
Inch
Inchinnan
Inchture
Innerleithen
Innerwick
Insch
Inveraray
Inverarity
Inveravon
Inverchaolain
Inveresk
Inverkeilor
Inverkeithing
Inverkeithny
Inverkip
Inverness and Bona
Inverurie
Irvine
J
Jedburgh
Johnstone
Jura
K
Keig
Keir
Keith
Keithhall and Kinkell
Kells
Kelso
Kelton
Kemback
Kemnay
Kenmore
Kennethmont
Kennoway
Kettins
Kettle
Kilbarchan
Kilbirnie
Kilbrandon and Kilchattan
Kilbride
Kilcalmonell
Kilchoman
Kilchrenan and Dalavich
Kilconquhar
Kildalton
Kildonan
Kildrummy
Kilfinan
Kilfinichen and Kilvickeon
Killarow and Kilmeny
Killean and Kilchenzie
Killearn
Killearnan
Killin
Kilmacolm
Kilmadock
Kilmallie
Kilmany
Kilmarnock
Kilmaronock
Kilmartin
Kilmaurs
Kilmodan
Kilmonivaig
Kilmorack
Kilmore and Kilbride
Kilmory
Kilmuir
Kilmuir Easter
Kilninian and Kilmore
Kilninver and Kilmelfort
Kilrenny
Kilspindie
Kilsyth
Kiltarlity and Convinth
Kiltearn
Kilwinning
Kincardine
Kincardine O'Neil
Kinclaven
Kinellar
Kinfauns
King Edward
Kingarth
Kinghorn
Kinglassie
Kingoldrum
Kingsbarns
Kingussie and Insh
Kinloch
Kinloss
Kinnaird
Kinneff and Catterline
Kinnell
Kinnettles
Kinnoull
Kinross
Kintail
Kintore
Kippen
Kirkbean
Kirkcaldy and Dysart
Kirkcolm
Kirkconnel
Kirkcowan
Kirkcudbright
Kirkden
Kirkgunzeon
Kirkhill
Kirkhope
Kirkinner
Kirkintilloch
Kirkliston
Kirkmabreck
Kirkmahoe
Kirkmaiden
Kirkmichael
Kirknewton
Kirkoswald
Kirkpatrick Durham
Kirkpatrick Irongray
Kirkpatrick-Fleming
Kirkpatrick-Juxta
Kirkurd
Kirkwall and St Ola
Kirriemuir
Knockando
Knockbain
L
Lady
Ladykirk
Laggan
Lairg
Lamington and Wandel
Lanark
Langholm
Langton
Larbert
Largo
Largs
Lasswade
Latheron
Lauder
Laurencekirk
Legerwood
Leochel-Cushnie
Lerwick
Leslie
Lesmahagow
Leswalt
Lethendy
Lethnot and Navar
Leuchars
Libberton
Liff and Benvie
Lilliesleaf
Linlithgow
Linton
Lintrathen
Lismore and Appin
Little Dunkeld
Livingston
Lochalsh
Lochbroom
Lochcarron
Lochgoilhead and Kilmorich
Lochlee
Lochmaben
Lochrutton
Lochs
Lochwinnoch
Logie
Logie Buchan
Logie Easter
Logie Pert
Logie-Coldstone
Logiealmond
Logierait
Longforgan
Longformacus
Longside
Lonmay
Loth
Loudoun
Lumphanan
Lunan
Lundie
Luss
Lyne
M
Madderty
Mains and Strathmartine
Makerstoun
Manor
Markinch
Marnoch
Maryculter
Marykirk
Maryton
Mauchline
Maxton
Maybole
Mearns
Meigle
Meldrum
Melrose
Menmuir
Mertoun
Methlick
Methven
Mid Calder
Middlebie
Midmar
Minnigaff
Minto
Mochrum
Moffat
Moneydie
Monifieth
Monikie
Monimail
Monkton and Prestwick
Monquhitter
Montrose
Monymusk
Monzievaird and Strowan
Moonzie
Mordington
Morebattle
Morham
Mortlach
Morton
Morvern
Moulin
Mouswald
Moy and Dalarossie
Muckhart
Muiravonside
Muirkirk
Murroes
Muthill
N
Nairn
Neilston
Nenthorn
Nesting
New Abbey
New Cumnock
New Deer
New Kilpatrick
New Luce
New Machar
New Monkland
Newbattle
Newburgh
Newburn
Newhills
Newlands
Newton
Newtyle
Nigg
North Berwick
North Bute
North Knapdale
North Uist
Northmaven
O
Oathlaw
Ochiltree
Old Cumnock
Old Deer
Old Kilpatrick
Old Luce
Old Machar
Old Monkland
Oldhamstocks
Olrig
Ordiquhill
Ormiston
Orphir
Orwell
Oxnam
Oyne
P
Paisley
Panbride
Papa Westray
Parton
Peebles
Pencaitland
Penicuik
Penninghame
Penpont
Perth
Peterculter
Peterhead
Pettinain
Petty
Pitsligo
Pittenweem
Polwarth
Port Glasgow
Port Of Menteith
Portmoak
Portpatrick
Portree
Premnay
Prestonkirk
Prestonpans
R
Rafford
Rathen
Ratho
Rathven
Rattray
Rayne
Reay
Redgorton
Renfrew
Rerrick
Rescobie
Resolis
Rhu
Rhynd
Rhynie
Riccarton
Roberton
Rogart
Rosemarkie
Rosneath
Rosskeen
Rothes
Rothesay
Rothiemay
Rousay and Egilsay
Roxburgh
Rutherglen
Ruthven
Ruthwell
S
Saddell and Skipness
Saline
Saltoun
Sandsting
Sandwick
Sanquhar
Scone
Scoonie
Selkirk
Shapinsay
Shotts
Skene
Skirling
Slains
Slamannan
Sleat
Smailholm
Small Isles
Snizort
Sorbie
Sorn
South Knapdale
South Ronaldsay
South Uist
Southdean
Southend
Speymouth
Spott
Sprouston
Spynie
St Andrews and Deerness
St Andrews and St Leonards
St Andrews-Lhanbryd
St Boswells
St Cyrus
St Fergus
St Madoes
St Martins
St Monance
St Mungo
St Ninians
Stair
Stenness
Stenton
Stevenston
Stewarton
Stichill
Stirling
Stobo
Stonehouse
Stoneykirk
Stornoway
Stow
Stracathro
Strachan
Strachur
Straiton
Stranraer
Strath
Strathblane
Strathdon
Strathlachlan
Strathmiglo
Strichen
Stromness
Stronsay
Swinton
Symington
T
Tain
Tannadice
Tarbat
Tarbolton
Tarland
Tarves
Tealing
Temple
Terregles
Teviothead
Thurso
Tibbermore
Tillicoultry
Tingwall
Tinwald
Tiree
Tongland
Tongue
Torosay
Torphichen
Torryburn
Torthorwald
Tough
Towie
Tranent
Traquair
Trinity Gask
Troqueer
Tulliallan
Tullynessle and Forbes
Tundergarth
Turriff
Tweedsmuir
Twynholm
Tynron
Tyrie
U
Udny
Uig
Unst
Uphall
Urquhart
Urquhart and Glenmoriston
Urquhart and Logie Wester
Urr
Urray
W
Walls and Flotta
Walls and Sandness
Walston
Wamphray
Watten
Weem
Wemyss
West Calder
West Kilbride
West Linton
Westerkirk
Westray
Westruther
Whitburn
Whitekirk and Tyninghame
Whithorn
Whitsome
Whittingehame
Wick
Wigtown
Wiston and Roberton
Y
Yarrow
Yell
Yester
Yetholm

Royal burghs in 1707

A-EF-LM-Z
A
Aberdeen
Annan
Anstruther Easter
Anstruther Wester
Arbroath
Auchtermuchty
Ayr
B
Banff
Brechin
Burntisland
C
Campbeltown
Crail
Cullen
Culross
Cupar
D
Dingwall
Dornoch
Dumbarton
Dumfries
Dunbar
Dundee
Dunfermline
Dysart
E
Earlsferry
Edinburgh
Elgin
F
Falkland
Forres
Forfar
Fortrose
G
Glasgow
H
Haddington
I
Inveraray
Inverbervie
Inverkeithing
Inverness
Inverurie
Irvine
J
Jedburgh
K
Kilrenny
Kinghorn
Kintore
Kirkcaldy
Kirkcudbright
Kirkwall
L
Lanark
Lauder
Linlithgow
Lochmaben
M
Montrose
N
Nairn
Newburgh
New Galloway
North Berwick
P
Peebles
Perth
Pittenweem
Q
Queensferry
R
Renfrew
Rothesay
Rutherglen
S
St Andrews
Sanquhar
Selkirk
Stirling
Stranraer
T
Tain
W
Whithorn
Wick
Wigtown

Presbyteries found in the database

A-EF-LM-Z
A
Aberdeen
Arbroath
Auchterarder
Ayr
B
Banff
Biggar
Brechin
C
Cairston
Caithness
Chanonry
Chirnside
Cupar
D
Dalkeith
Deer
Dingwall
Dornoch
Dumfries
Dunbar
Dunbarton
Dunblane
Dundee
Dunfermline
Dunkeld
Dunoon
Duns
E
Earlston
Edinburgh
Elgin
Ellon
F
Falkirk
Fordoun
Fordyce
Forfar
Forres
G
Garioch
Glasgow
Greenock
H
Haddington
Hamilton
I
Inveraray
Inverness
Irvine
J
Jedburgh
K
Kelso
Kincardine O'Neil
Kinross
Kintyre
Kirkcaldy
Kirkcudbright
Kirkwall
L
Lanark
Lerwick
Lewis
Linlithgow
Lochmaben
M
Meigle
N
Nairn
North Isles
P
Paisley
Peebles
Penpoint
Perth
R
Renfrew
S
Scalloway
Selkirk
Shetland
Skye
St Andrews
Stirling
Stranraer
Strathbogie
T
Tain
Turriff
W
Wigtown

Counties found in the database

A-DE-LM-Z
A
Aberdeen
Argyll
Ayr
B
Banff
Berwick
Bute
C
Caithness
Clackmannan
D
Dumfries
Dunbarton
E
Edinburgh
Elgin
F
Fife
Forfar
H
Haddington
I
Inverness
K
Kincardine
Kinross
Kirkcudbright
L
Lanark
Linlithgow
N
Nairn
O
Orkney
P
Peebles
Perth
R
Renfrew
Ross and Cromarty
Roxburgh
S
Selkirk
Shetland
Stirling
Sutherland
W
Wigtown